Capital expenditures on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and right-to-use asset.


A technological process of simultaneous generation of electricity and usable thermal energy in a CHP plant.


The distribution system operator, which is a utility company that distributes electricity.


Net Income + Provision for Income Taxes + Interest Expense


Operating profit/ (loss)+ depreciation + impairment losses on non financial fixed assets.


EBITDA for the last 12 months

EBITDA profitability

EBITDA / Net sales revenue.

European Emission Trading System EU ETS

A European scheme to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.


Electronic System of Information Transfer enabling immediate transmission and publishing of information that results from the obligations indicated in the law. The system is administered by the KNF.

Forward market

Electricity market where forward products are listed.

GRI Standards

The Global Reporting Initiative is an international independent standards organisation that has developed globally available guidelines for public reporting of non financial data, helping companies, governments and other organisations understand and communicate their impact on labour, environmental, social, human rightsand corruption issues. The new version of the standard, compared to the previous G 4 Guidelines, which expired on 1 July 2018 is intended to be more understandable, better structured and easier to use.


European Parliament and Council Directive 2010/75 EU of November 24, 2010 on industrial emissions (the so-called IED Directive). This directive tightens the standards for the emission of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust from combustion plants.

Net debt / EBITDA

(Loans, borrowings and non-current and current debt securities + non-current and current finance lease liabilities + non-current and current financial liabilities measured at fair value - cash and cash equivalents - non-current and current financial assets measured at fair value - non-current and current debt financial assets measured at amortized cost - other short-term investments) / EBITDA LTM

New Business Line

Construed as each new activity/product/service performed or provided outside the ENEA Group’s core business, from which the ENEA Group will generate income following the marketing thereof by the Group.

Personal data protection

From May 25, 2018, the European Union and Council Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of 27 April 2016 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and the free flow of such data which is in force in all European Union member states and repealing Directive 95/46 / EC - also referred to as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).


Property rights to certificates of origin for energy from renewable energy sources.


Polish Power Exchange.


ENEA Trading’s activity consisting of trading in contracts listed on commodity exchange markets on the company’s own account.

Property Rights - “Green”

Same as PMOZE.

Property Rights – “Light blue”

Property rights to certificates of origin confirming the production of electricity from agricultural biogas.

Property Rights – “Purple”

Property Rights to certificates of origin confirming the generation of electricity in a cogeneration unit fired with methane released and included in underground mining works or with gas obtained from biomass processing within the meaning of Article 2 (1) of the Act on biocomponents and liquid biofuels.

Property Rights – “Red”

Property rights to certificates of origin confirming the generation of electricity in other cogeneration sources.

Property Rights - “Yellow”

Property rights to certificates of origin confirming the generation of electricity in a gas cogeneration unit or with a total installed capacity of up to 1 MW.

Property Rights – “White”

Property rights to certificates of origin resulting from energy efficiency certificates, the so called “white” certificates.


Research, Development and Innovation activity


‘Refuse-derived fuel’ in the form of a selected fraction of municipal waste that may be used as a fuel other than conventional fuels.

REMIT Regulation

Regulation on Wholesale Energy Market Integrity and Transparency which sets out a framework for monitoring wholesale energy markets in order to detect and prevent unfair practices at EU level.


Renewable energy sources. It is in accordance with the provisions of the Energy Law, a source which is used in the processing energy of wind, solar, aero thermal, geothermal, hydrothermal, wave, tidal, river fall, biomass, biogas from landfills, and the biogas produced in the process of discharge or sewage treatment or decomposition of plant and animal remains.

Return on assets (ROA)

Describes the value of profit generated based on the assets held [net profit (loss) generated in the reporting period divided by the value of total assets at the end of the reporting period].

Return on equity (ROE)

A measure of the value of profit generated from equity [net profit (loss) generated in the reporting period divided by equity at the end of the reporting period].


The gross inflow of economic benefits (cash, receivables, other assets) arising from the ordinary operating activities of an entity (such as sales of goods, sales of services, interest, royalties, and dividends) (from IAS 18)

Net profitability

Net profit (loss) for the reporting period / Net sales revenue.

Operating profitability

Operating profit (loss) / Net sales revenue.


ENEA Trading’s commercial activity involving predominantly the execution of non-standard purchases of electricity from generators other than direct participants of the wholesale market, obtained from renewable energy sources and other distributed sources, such as cogeneration plants, incineration plants and industrial plants. The electricity purchased by ENEA Trading is then sold on the wholesale electricity market or is used by the ENEA Group.


System Average Interruption Duration Index - indicator of the average system duration of a long and very long break (expressed in minutes per Customer).


System Average Interruption Frequency Index - indicator of the average system frequency of long interruptions in energy supply (expressed in the number of breaks per Customer).


A share is an indivisible unit of capital, expressing the legal ownership relations between the company and the shareholder.


A person or a group of people interested in any of the decisions or actions taken by the organization. A stakeholder is anyone who influences the organization and everyone whom it affects.

Sustainable development

Is a development, according to which the needs of the present generation may be met without lessening the opportunities for future generations, by taking account of the management which responds to the environmental expectations, as well as social, environmental and economic challenges, facilitating the constant increase of the goodwill and rational management of resources.

Tariff group A

Energy sold and supplied to customers connected to the high voltage grid.

Tariff group B

Energy sold and supplied to customers connected to the medium voltage grid.

Tariff group C

Energy sold and supplied to customers connected to the low voltage grid, excluding customers using electricity for household purposes.

Tariff group G

Energy sold and supplied to household customers connected to the grid irrespective of the voltage level.

Having in mind the diverse and international nature of Enea SA's shareholding, and also the provisions of the Best Practices of WSE Listed Companies, Enea SA guarantees the availability of its website also in English. In case of any interpretation doubts and discrepancies between the Polish and English versions, the Polish version shall prevail.